On August 5, 1944, as a retaliatory action for the outbreak of the Warsaw Rising, the Nazi-Germans began executing civilians in the Wola district of Warsaw. Within three days, the German troops killed an estimated 40,000 to 60,000 people in Wola and the adjacent Ochota districts.
The so-called “Wola Massacre” is considered to have been one of the largest crimes against the Polish population during WWII.
Even at a time when the event was almost unspoken of, the symbol of the crime became Wanda Lurie. During the pacification of the Rising, being nine months pregnant, she survived the execution and shooting of three of her children.
��The 78th anniversary of the largest single massacre of civilians during WW2. The date 5 August 1944 marked the beginning of the Wola Massacre, the murder of the inhabitants of Warsaw’s Wola district . The Germans murdered with insane cruelty between 40,000 and 60,000 people. pic.twitter.com/rjCaGEJLPB— Institute of National Remembrance (@ipngovpl_eng) August 5, 2022
Initially, his troops killed civilians in flats, basements and on the streets. German soldiers also set fire to multiple buildings and shot those who tried to escape the flames. Later they changed their tactics and were gathering civilians at several locations and murdering them there.
#OTD 78 yrs ago the Wola Massacre began. German soldiers and RONA troops killed 60K civilians in this district of #Warsaw over few days.— Bartosz Marcinkowski (@barmarcinkowski) August 5, 2022
Heinz Reinefarth - SS commander in charge - was never brought to justice. Instead, he became successful West German politician after the war. pic.twitter.com/oWJT3ChfOa