‘We and Germans partitioned Poland’: Soviet reports revealed by Belarus

Polish “Rzeczpospolita” daily reported that documents declassified by the Belarusian National Archive (NAB) show that soldiers of the Soviet Red Army knew that in 1939 they had been taking part in aggression on Poland instead of “liberation of fellow nations” as Joseph Stalin’s propaganda claimed.

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The newspaper wrote that at the end of 2019, NAB issued a book “NKVD in Western Belarus. September - December 1939.” Only 150 copies were printed and it is not available online.

“Dozens of reports of NKVD officers which have been revealed by NAB show that even soldiers and officers of the Red Army knew that they had not been liberating Poland, but taking part in the aggression on it,” the daily writes.

NKVD (the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs) was the infamous Soviet secret police, known for imposing terror policy on the areas conquered by the USSR and in their homeland.

“We made an agreement with [Nazi] Germans only to claim Poland together and divide it between both of us,” Dukov, one of the Soviet officers stated in his report.

Agents of NKVD also reported that propaganda about people welcoming Soviet troops “with bread and salt” was false.

Majority of Soviet soldiers who had assessed the joint military operation of the USSR and Nazi Germany in line with facts as an act of aggression against Poland were arrested.

In late 2019, President of Russia Vladimir Putin and other Russian officials repeated Soviet propaganda that the Red Army entered the then eastern Poland (calling it “Western Ukraine and Western Belarus”) after the “fall of the Polish state” in order to “protect citizens of those regions.”