A few dozen mummies thought to be about 2,000 years old were uncovered in Saqqara, near Cairo.
“The majority of the mummies we found were quite simple. They were subjected to just basic embalming, then covered in bandages and laid down directly in holes dug in the sand,” explained doctor Kamil Kuraszkiewicz from the faculty of Egyptology of the Oriental Studies Department at the University of Warsaw.
The newest dig was conducted in the area adjacent to the pyramid of Djoser, the oldest pyramid in the world.
The scientists explained that most of the bodies were badly preserved and all of the organic matter, including wooden caskets, had decomposed. The caskets were poorly made. One of them includes what appears to be a hieroglyphic inscriptions, apparently created by someone who couldn’t write, since it makes no sense and some of the signs aren’t found in any other place. In addition, ancient robbers have stolen a sculpted mask representing the face of the buried person.
Polish archeologists have been working at the Saqqara site for over 20 years. They have uncovered two groups of burial sites. One of them contains the graves of noblemen from the era of the 6th dynasty, dating to the 24th-21st century BC. The second site, from which the recent findings come, contains some 500 graves of poorer people, dating to the late era of ancient Egypt, about the 6th century BC to the 1st century AD.